How Do Braces Work?

Posted .

It is understood that braces are a tool to straighten your teeth, but have you ever wondered how they work? Braces actually stimulate the bone surrounding your teeth to remodel by applying consistent, gentle pressure over a period of time. This sustained force gradually moves your teeth into the desired positions. Here’s an overview of how braces move your teeth:

Brackets and Archwires: The braces system typically consists of brackets, which are like handles bonded to the surface of each tooth, and archwires, which connect the brackets. When the archwire is fastened into the brackets, it generates pressure which is in turn transferred to the teeth. This force will stimulate the cells in your jaw bone to remodel the tooth’s socket in order to move the tooth and relieve the pressure.

Elastics or Rubber Bands: In some cases, elastic bands may be used in conjunction with braces to help correct specific bite issues. These bands create additional force against the upper and lower jaws to help the two fit together. The pressure generated by elastics can even encourage your jaws to grow in a more favorable direction.

Adjustments and Tightening: Throughout your orthodontic treatment, you will have regular appointments with your orthodontist for adjustments. During these visits, the orthodontist may tighten or bend the archwire or replace it with a thicker one to increase or alter the pressure on your teeth to direct them into the desired alignment.

Retention Phase: After the active treatment phase is complete and your teeth are looking and feeling great, you will enter the retention phase. During this phase, you wear a retainer, which helps maintain the new alignment while the bone and tissues stabilize. Unlike the active adjustments during orthodontic treatment, the retainer will resist outside forces such as chewing and pressure from the tongue and lips that could move your teeth out of their alignment.

Because braces stimulate bone remodeling, it is very important to undergo treatment and monitoring by a qualified orthodontist who will assess your progress at regular intervals and make necessary adjustments to ensure effective and safe tooth movement.

Reach Out Today!

Our Bluebird Orthodontics team, led by our experienced orthodontist in Salt Lake City, Utah, are here to provide you and your family with the orthodontic treatment you need. Dr. Hailee Rask and our team invite you to call 385-500-7082 for assistance. Your smile will thank you!